King of Fruits - Litchi

荔枝是原产于中国南部的一种热带水果,色、香、味皆美,驰名中外,有“果王”之称。它与香蕉、菠萝、龙眼一起被称为“南国四大果品”。


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Litchi is a tropical fruit native to southern China. It is world famous as "king of fruit", due to its wonderful color, flavor and taste. Bananas, Pineapple and Longan were called jointly "the Four Southern fruits".

荔枝的种植历史十分悠久,至今已有两千多年。早在唐朝,荔枝已成为朝廷贡品。
Litchi cultivation has a long history from two thousand years ago. As early as the Tang Dynasty, Litchi was offered to the palace as a tribute.

荔枝生长在树上,果实像葡萄一样一串一串挂在树上,一般是一寸左右的圆球形状,外边是薄薄的红色硬壳,里面包着白嫩透明的果肉,中心是深棕色的核。每年6-7月间果实成熟时收获。
Litchi growing like a bunch of bunch of grapes is hanging on the tree. It is generally ball shape of about one inch size with a thin red crust outside and white, tender and transparent flesh wrapped inside. There is dark brown nuclear in the center. Generally it is mature to harvest during the June-July each year.

在中国,荔枝是人们夏季经常食用的水果之一,品种多样。其中,桂味和糯米糍是上佳的品种,也是鲜食之选。荔枝除鲜食外,还可以制作成荔枝干和果汁等食品。
In China, the Litchi is often tasted in summer in varied taste ways. The top variety of choices is the cinnamon-taste Litchi and Nuomici. In addition to taste Litchi freshly, dried and made into juice and cook with other food are the good choice.

荔枝果肉软滑多汁,味道甘甜,含有多种微量元素,是非常有益身体健康的水果。体质虚弱的人还可以用荔枝来进行食疗。荔枝含有的丰富糖分能补充能量,维生素C和蛋白质,有助于提高抗病能力,还可令皮肤更加光滑。
Litchi flesh is soft and smooth and juicy. It taste sweet and contains trace elements very good for health. Litchi is full of the energy of sugar, vitamin C and protein. It is very helpful for disease resistance also can make the skin smoother.

受炎热的天气影响,荔枝的保鲜相对较为困难。在挑选荔枝的时候要注意两点小窍门。第一,新鲜的荔枝果皮呈红色或紫红色,颜色不会很鲜艳;第二,新鲜的荔枝捏起来果肉饱满而且有弹性。如此挑选的荔枝,味道一定会很甘甜。
As the influence of hot weather, the refreshing of litchi is relatively difficult. There are two knacks to note in the Litchi selection. Firstly, fresh Litchi fruit is red or purple, not very bright color. Secondly, the flesh of fresh Litchi is filled and elastic when you squeeze it. The Litchi you chosen follow the knacks above will be very sweet.